Resources

Glossary

A

Anaphylatic shock, or anaphylaxis

A severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction.

Anemia

A decreased number of red blood cells, which can cause fatigue, weakness and shortness of breath.

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B

Benign

Not cancerous. Does not spread to nearby tissue or other parts of the body.

Bone marrow

The spongy tissue inside bones that produces white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets.

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C

Chemotherapy

A drug or combination of drugs that kills cancer cells, and often healthy cells, in various ways.

Cognitive function

Mental processes, such as memory, reasoning and problem-solving.

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G

Genetic mutation

Any change in the DNA of a cell. Genetic mutations can be harmful, beneficial or have no effect.

Genetic test

A test to look for a genetic mutation that is known to cause a specific disease or increase the risk of developing a specific disease.

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H

Hematologic disorder

A blood disorder.

Hematologist

A doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of blood cancer and other blood disorders.

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I

Immunologist

A doctor that specializes in treating diseases of the immune system.

Inflammation

A natural part of the immune response to eliminate the initial cause of injury and begin the wound-healing process. It is often associated with pain, swelling and redness.

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L

Leukocytosis

An increase in the number of white blood cells.

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M

Malabsorption

Failure to take in adequate nutrients from food.

Malignant

A cancerous or invasive disease; characterized by uncontrolled growth and spreading to other parts of the body.

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O

Oncologist

A doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

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P

Pathology

The analysis of tissue, cell and body fluid samples to diagnose disease.

Patient Registry

A repository, or database, of detailed medical information on people with a specific disease.

Prognosis

The expected or probable outcome or course of a disease.

Proliferative

Spreads rapidly and often excessively.

Proton-pump inhibitors

Drugs that reduce the production of gastric acids to relieve ulcer-like symptoms.

Pruritus

Itching of the skin.

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S

Symptomatic treatment

Treatment aimed at relieving symptoms of a disease but not the underlying cause of the disease.

Systemic treatment

Treatment that affects the whole system, or body, and is aimed at slowing or stopping the progression of a disease.

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T

Targeted therapy

Drugs designed to attack a specific biological target or pathway that is involved in the development and progression of disease.

Thrombocytopenia

A decreased number of platelets in the blood.

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U

Urticaria pigmentosa

Spots on the skin that look like freckles and can turn into hives if scratched, irritated or exposed to sudden changes in temperature.

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